Uganda is blessed with a count of ten (10) National Parks that are located in different parts of the country. These parks maintain a distinct uniqueness though there are similarities that they share in common.
The Uganda’s National Parks form a major habitat and a custodian for tourism resources especially wildlife and other natural features. Ranging from the mountain gorilla mist habitats of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park to the extensive virgin savannah landscapes of Kidepo Valley National Park, Uganda stands above the cutting edge to present remarkable destinations worth exploring.
At the extreme south western corner, there lies Mgahinga Gorilla National Park which does not shelter the three peaks of the eight Virunga Volcanoes but also provides a second refigium for the mountain gorillas in Uganda. The extensive savannah landscapes of Queen Elizabeth National Park famous for the tree climbing lions along with Murchison Falls National Park the home of the Big five with the Rhinos thriving in the nearby Ziwa Sanctuary coupled with the smallest savannah Park in Uganda – Lake Mburo National Park with its counts of Impala, Burchell’s Zebra and Eland derive remarkable experience.
The Rwenzori National Park protects the snowcapped peaks of the Mountains of the moon standing as the third highest in Africa while the Elgon National Park shelters the largest mountain caldera in the whole world.The Kibale National Park along with Semliki Valley National Park are the country’s primate havens and feature lots of Chimpanzees and Monkeys including the Black and white colobus monkeys.
Bwindi and Rwenzori National Parks are World Heritage Sites, Queen Elizabeth National Park is a world biosphere reserve and the second in Africa in terms of bird count while Kidepo has always featured in various travel media as among the best wildlife parks in Africa. Explore the Uganda’s National Parks with Prime Uganda Safaris and Tours Ltd.
Queen Elizabeth National park
Located within the western rift valley floor, Queen Elizabeth National Park was gazetted in 1952 as Kazinga National Park attaining its nomenclature from the 45m long Kazinga channel that bisects the park adjoining Lake George and Lake Edward. Queen Elizabeth National Park overlooks the highest point in Uganda Rwenzori Mountains with their snowcapped peaks as they were described by Ptolemy in 150AD as the mountains of the moon.
Lake Mburo National Park
The nomenclature of Lake Mburo National Park like most of other African areas cannot go without a legendary connotation. The legends have it that the two brothers named Kigarama and Mburo settled in the area that is currently occupied by Lake Mburo grazing their long horned cattle across the open savannah plains that thrive up to today.
Kidepo National Park
Located in the north eastern part of Uganda, Kidepo Valley National Park covers a geographical landscape of 1,442km2. It is in the district of Kaboong about 220km from Moroto the biggest town in the sub region and 700km from Kampala the Uganda’s capital city. Kidepo Valley National Park was established in the year 1962 and it contains 77 species of mammals, 475 bird species of which 60 are endemic to the park on the standards of Uganda.
Mgahinga National Park
Mgahinga National Park which was established in 1991 covers a geographical surface of 33.7km2 making the smallest national Park in Uganda. Mgahinga National Park is the second habitat that contains the world’s critically endangered mountain gorillas and it is the only national park in Uganda with counts of the rare and endangered golden monkeys which only thrive in the Virunga massif in the whole world.
Murchison falls National Park
Regarded as Uganda’s largest protected area, Murchison Falls National Park was nowhere until 1952 when 3,840km2 of land in the North West part of Uganda were established as a national Park. Perched on the northern extreme of the western arm of the great East African rift valley, Murchison Falls National Park is 80km from Masindi town which is the largest town in the sub region and 311km2 from the city of Kampala, the Uganda’s capital.
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park lies in the south west of Uganda stretching for 321Km2 at an elevation of 1,160 – 2,607 m above sea level. Bwindi is one of those areas in East Africa with large expanse of Afro montane lowland forest which dates back to the pre-historic era and is known to have survived the last ice age.
Mount Elgon National Park
Spreading to over 1,121km2 of land, Mount Elgon National Park lies with in the eastern side of Uganda close to Kenyan boarder 255km from Kampala which is the country’s capital city. Mount Elgon which was once the tallest in Africa before it was eroded to being the fourth tallest in East Africa rises up to 4,321m above sea level and is the oldest and largest single standing volcano in East Africa having last erupted approximately 24 million years ago.
Mount Rwenzori National park
The Rwenzori Mountains had earlier been described by Ptolemy a Greek geographer in 150AD as Lunae Montes translated as the Mountains of the moon and were thought to be the origin of the Nile River which is the longest in world and one of the natural wonders encountered by Uganda safari undertakers.
Kibale National Park
The park is located in the western part of Uganda sharing the districts of Kabarole and Kamwenge and is 358km surface transfer from Kampala the Uganda’s capital city and 26km from Fort Portal the largest town in the area. Kibale National Park is entirely forested landscape that stretches to 795km2 of land coverage and it is one of the mature remaining tropical rain forests in Uganda
Semuliki National park
Spreading to over 220km2 of land surface, Semuliki National Park is located in the west of Uganda in the county of Bwamba, Bundibugyo district. The park contains a range of species among which include 441 bird species and 53 mammal species. Established in 1993, Semuliki National Park is recognized among the newly established Uganda safari parks in Uganda.