MOUNT KILIMANJARO NATIONAL PARK TANZANIA
Mount Kilimanjaro National Park is located South of the Equator and in the Kilimanjaro Region in Tanzania which is about 300kilometers near the city of Moshi. Covering an area of 1,688 sq km (75,575 ha), the park includes the whole Mount Kilimanjaro above the tree line and also the surrounding montane forest belt above 1,820 meters. Mount Kilimanjaro National park with a 3°10’S latitude and 37°10’-37°40’E longitude is administered by the Tanzania National parks Authority (TANAPA). The park protects the largest free-standing volcanic world’s highest mountain in Africa and together with its snow-capped peak, the Kilimanjaro which is a superlative natural phenomenon and standing in isolation above the surrounding plains overlooking the Savannah rises 4877 meters above the surrounding plains to 5895 meters at its peak.
History of Mount Kilimanjaro
History of Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Tanzania
Mount Kilimanjaro and the adjacent forests were declared a game reserve in the early twentieth century by the German colonial government and it was designated a forest reserve in the year of 1921. The mountain above the tree line which is about 2,700 meters or 8,900 ft was reclassified as a national park in the year of 1973 and in 1987 the park was declared a world Heritage site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural organization and later the park was expanded to include the entire montane forest which had been part of the Kilimanjaro Forest Reserve in the year of 2005 and the park is protected under the national legislation as a National Park and a management plan is in place.
Tanzania Safari attractions in Mount Kilimanjaro National park
Mount Kilimanjaro National park has a variety of wildlife which include the Kilimanjaro tree hyrax, Cape buffaloes which are found in montane forest and occasionally in the grassland and moorland, the grey duiker, bush buck and red duiker appear above the timberline in places, elephants which can also be found between the Namwai and Tarakia rivers and sometimes occur at higher elevations, blue monkeys, western black and white colobus, leopards, antelope, bush babies and rodents are frequently encountered.
Mountain Kilimanjaro is the largest and highest volcanic snow peaked mountain in Africa having a height of 5,896 meters and the mountain has five main vegetation zones from the lowest to the highest, the lower slopes has montane forest, heath and moorland, alpine desert and summit. Mountain Kilimanjaro has three main volcanic peaks which include the Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira. The mountain also includes many endangered mammal species which include cape buffaloes among others.
It lies in the shadow of the Kilimanjaro on the border between Tanzania and Kenya in a Caldera which was most likely formed after volcanic activity on the mountain and the waters of the lake is either turquoise blue, stunning emerald or even midnight blue.
Tanzania Safari activities done in Mount Kilimanjaro National Park
This is the most common activity done in Kilimanjaro and it involves climbing the Africa’s free-standing mountain which will give you a thrilling experience and it also gives you access to the Kibo peak which is the highest peak snow capped through out the year offering magnificent views of the surrounding towns from a far and one of the oldest peak known as Shira providing a spectacular grasslands and various plants species.
Game viewing as a Tanzania Safari activity in Mount Kilimanjaro National Park
This activity gives you an opportunity to see various animals at Mount Kilimanjaro National park and the wildlife species to see here include the honey badger, vervet monkey, baboon, genet cat, aardvark, Columbus monkey, elands, elephants mostly seen at the Shira plateau plains and the bush babies among others.
The park is a home to over 150 bird species and boasts of different bird species some of which are white necked Raven, long tailed trogon, resident black shouldered kite, Gabar goshawk, blue napped mouse birds, grey hornbill, African fish eagles, white cheeked barbet, African pygmy Kingfisher and red capped robin chat among others and the best time to carry out this activity is in November to April when the
Cycling as a Tanzania Safari activity in Mount Kilimanjaro National Park
This activity involves tourists cycling to the highest peak of Africa via the Kilema route and there are three main stations and the activity will expose you to farmlands of the Chagga people and it should be done by well experienced mountain bikes.
Camping as a Tanzania Safari activity in Mount Kilimanjaro National Park
Camping activity gives you an exclusive bush experience while camping within the 32 camping sites along the second hiking routes which is memorable.
Nature guided walks as a Tanzania Safari activity in Mount Kilimanjaro National Park
This activity is done at the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro forest canopy and it gives the tourists opportunity to spot a lot of primates like the red-tailed monkey, olive baboon, white and black Columbus monkey together with different plant species not forgetting the panoramic views of the Chagga farmlands and neighboring towns.
Mount Kilimanjaro offers the best panoramic views suitable for filming adventure movies because of being the Africa’s free-standing mountain and one of the famous films that scooped an award was done this mountain in 1952 and titled as the snow’s of Kilimanjaro.